~ by Trinanjan Chakraborty
Crimes against women in the country have increased by 7.3% in 2019 over the previous year, according to the annual National Crime Record Bureau’s “Crime in India” 2019 report released yesterday. Total count of recorded crimes against women stood at 3, 78, 236 in 2018 which has gone up to 4, 05, 861 in the current year.
India’s most populous state, Uttar Pradesh, also accounts for maximum no. of recorded crimes against women in 2019 – 59, 853 cases or 14.7% of the national total. It is followed by Rajasthan – 41, 550 cases (10.2% of national total) and Maharashtra – 37, 144 cases (9.2% of national total). However, in terms of rate of crime against women (per lakh of population), Assam tops at 177.8, followed by Delhi NCT at 144.0. At an all India level, the rate of crime against women (per lakh of population) went up to 62.4 in 2019 from 58.8 in 2018.
During 2019, there were 32, 033 recorded incidences of rape crime against women – amounting to 32, 260 victims. 15.4% victims were children/girls below the age of 18. Maximum no. of recorded rapes were in Rajasthan (5997 incidences / 6051 victims). Rajasthan had 15.9 cases of rape per lakh population – highest among all the states (only the UT of Chandigarh had a higher rate of rape cases at 20.7 per lakh population).
The number of offences registered under Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POSCO) against girl children during the year was 46, 005 with 46, 682 victims. Uttar Pradesh had the maximum cases under POSCO – at 7444, followed by Maharashtra (6402) and Madhya Pradesh (6053). Among the large states, the rate per lakh population was highest in MP (15.1) followed by Haryana (14.6) and Chhattisgarh (14.1). Among all states, the rate per lakh population was highest in Sikkim at 27.1. The all India rate for cases registered under POSCO (girl child only) was 7.1 per lakh population.
Among large cities, Delhi had the highest no. of crimes recorded against women during 2019 – 12, 902 cases which was 28.4% of the total of 19 large metropolises. Mumbai followed with 6519 cases (14.3% of total). Among the top metros, Chennai had the least no. of cases – 729 for a rate per lakh population of 16.9. Among these 19 cities, Jaipur had the highest rate of crime against women at 235 per lakh population.
Disclaimer: All data reported in this article are sourced from National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) Crimes against Women reports. Any nos. pertaining to West Bengal/Kolkata pertain to 2018 due to non-availability of 2019 numbers.