~ by Trinanjan Chakraborty
The results of Phase I of the 5th round of National Family Health Survey (NFHS) was released by the Union Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) recently. The 1st phase covers 22 states and UTs. IPD takes a look key child welfare measures of the 9 larger states (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Telangana & West Bengal) and the UT of J&K from the phase I results.
The three key measures looked at are:
Neo-natal mortality rate (per 1000 live births): Mortality during neonatal period is considered a useful indicator of both maternal and newborn health and care. Defined as Number of deaths during the first 28 completed days of life per 1 000 live births in a given year or period
Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births): Infant mortality is the death of an infant before his or her first birthday. The infant mortality rate is the number of infant deaths for every 1,000 live births
Under 5 mortality rate (per 1000 newborns): The under–five mortality rate refers to the probability of dying before age 5 years per 1,000 newborns
The state-wise snapshots are given below: