The impact of COVID-19 in India

As stated by the government, India is at stage 2 of the corona virus with local spreading. There has been drastic steps taken to control the spread of the virus. Here is a look of how the virus has spread so far within the country.


As reflected in the above table the spread has been severe in the 3rd week of March. The spread of this virus has 4 stages. This is determined through transmission sources.


The local transmission cases have seen a exponential growth in week 3. The silver lining is that till now there is no concrete evidence of community spreading. India is a vast country and so the impact of the virus is different id different parts of the country. based on the number of cases and progression of cases, IPD divides the country in three zones. Zone 1 is where the number of cases are more than 10 and/or the spread is more than a week. Zone 2 is where the numbers of cases are between 1 to 9 and/or the spread has been only for a week. Zone 3 is where there are no cases till now.


The above group falls under zone 1. This is the high risk zone. The risk of these states going into the community spread is high and hence more cautious steps are taken. Many of these states have announced partial to full lock down in the affected regions.

The above group is in zone 2. These are the states where the spread is still in stage 1 or has just moved into stage 2. Here steps are taken to stop further progress.

Zone 3 are the states and UTs where there is no evidence of any case till now. There are states like Bihar, Jharkhand, Assam, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Goa and some UTs. Also it is important to note that the spread in zone 1 and zone 2 states are restricted to certain areas. So a vast majority of areas in those states are also in zone 3.

The challenge in the coming week for India is three fold. One, stop community spreading in zone 1 states, for which the best measure is partial lock down. Second, control the spread in zone 2 states for which the best measure is physical distancing and Third, Don’t let it spread in zone 3 for which control on local traveling is important. These can only be achieved when each and every individual in the country owns up the responsibility. Both the central and the state governments are doing there work effectively but to restrict the spread of this virus complete cooperation from every person is required.

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