Salient features from Annual PLFS 2017-18 report

The Annual PLFS 2017-18 report is published by Government of India on 31st May, 2019. Let us look into the main findings from this report.

PART 1: Salient feature on Unemployment

The usual status unemployment rate was 5.8 per cent among males and 3.8 per cent among females in rural areas, while the rates were 7.1 per cent among males and 10.8 per cent among females in urban areas.

Let us focus on how the unemployment rate varies among different sub segments. The focus segments are educated people with 15 years and above age group and the overall youth segment within 15 to 29 years.

For educated (highest level of education secondary and above) rural males and rural females of age 15 years and above, usual status unemployment rates were 10.5 per cent and 17.3 per cent respectively.

For educated males of age 15 years and above in urban areas, the unemployment rate was 9.2 per cent and among the educated females of age 15 years and above in the urban areas, the unemployment rate was 19.8 per cent in 2017-18.

The unemployment rate among the rural male youth (persons of age 15-29 years) was 17.4 per cent while the unemployment rate among the rural female youth was 13.6 per cent during 2017-18.

The unemployment rate among the urban male youth was 18.7 per cent in 2017-18 while the unemployment rate for urban female youth was 27.2 per cent during 2017-18.

PART 2: Salient feature on Occupation type and Average Monthly Earning

– During 2017-18, about 52.2 per cent of rural households had major source of income from self-employment. The share of rural households with major source of income from casual labour during 2017-18 was 25 per cent and that of regular wage/salary earning was 12.7 per cent.

– In urban areas, the share of the household type self-employment during 2017-18 was 32.4 per cent, the share of households with major source of income from regular wage/salary earning was 41.4 per cent while that of casual labour was 11.8 per cent.

– In rural areas average gross earnings during the last 30 days from self employment work by the self-employed workers ranged between Rs.8500 to Rs. 9700 among males which was nearly Rs. 3900 to Rs. 4300 among females during four different sub samples.

– In urban areas, average gross earnings from self-employment work during the last 30 days was around Rs.16 thousand among males and it ranged between Rs. 6500 to Rs. 7500 among females during this period

-In rural areas, among regular wage/salaried employees in current weekly status,earnings during the preceding calendar month ranged from Rs 13 thousand to Rs.14 thousand among males and it was around Rs. 8.5 thousand to Rs. 10 thousand among females during the four different sub samples.

– In urban areas, among regular wage/salaried employees in current weekly status,earnings during the preceding calendar month ranged from Rs. 17 thousand to Rs.18 thousand among males and from Rs. 14 thousand to 15 thousand among females during this period.

-In rural areas, average wage earnings per day by casual labour engaged in works other than public works ranged between Rs. 253 to Rs. 282 among males and nearly Rs. 166 to Rs. 179 among females.

-In rural areas, average wage earnings per day by casual labour engaged in MGNREGA public works ranged between Rs. 141 to Rs. 171 among males and nearly Rs. 131 to Rs. 165 among females.

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